Certified Shopify Partner

Edwin Anthony

Reading time: 5 min 58 sec

May 1, 2023

What Is Ecommerce?

May 1, 2023

Edwin Anthony

Reading time: 5 min 58 sec

E-commerce (ecom) is the buying and selling of goods/services over the internet or other electronic means. It involves transactions between businesses, consumers, and individuals, and is powered by the internet and digital technologies.

Ecommerce has been around for decades, but it wasn’t until the 90s and the rise of the World Wide Web that it started to gain momentum. Today, ecom is a multibillion-dollar industry, with millions of online stores and marketplaces worldwide.

The importance of e-commerce in today’s world cannot be overstated, as it has changed the way we shop, do business, and connect with each other.

Types of Ecommerce

There are four main types of e-commerce, each with its own characteristics and target audience:

B2B (business-to-business)

B2B ecommerce involves transactions between businesses, such as manufacturers, wholesalers, and distributors. B2B transactions are often bigger and more complex than B2C transactions and involve multiple decision-makers and negotiation processes. Examples of B2B ecom include a manufacturer selling products to a retailer, or a software company providing a service to a consulting firm. 

B2B (business-to-business) ecommerce features:

  • High transaction volume and value
  • Longer sales cycle
  • Personal relationships and negotiations play a key role in closing deals
  • Typically involves bulk orders and custom pricing
  • More complex payment and shipping processes
  • More emphasis on security and data privacy

B2C (business-to-consumer)

B2C ecommerce involves transactions between businesses and consumers, such as online stores and marketplaces. B2C transactions are usually smaller and simpler than B2B transactions and are driven by consumer demand and preferences.

B2C (business-to-consumer) features: 

  • Lower transaction volume and value than B2B
  • Shorter sales cycle
  • Branding and marketing play a key role in attracting customers
  • Emphasis on creating a positive and seasmless UX-user experience
  • Typically involves individual orders and standard pricing
  • More emphasis on product details, reviews, and ratings

C2C (consumer-to-consumer)

C2C e-com involves transactions between consumers, such as online marketplaces and auction sites. C2C transactions are usually based on trust and reputation, as consumers buy and sell from each other directly.

Features of C2C (consumer-to-consumer) ecommerce:

  • C2C e-commerce is typically conducted through online peer to peer marketplaces or classified ads websites, which connect buyers and sellers directly.
  • Emphasis on building trust between buyers and sellers
  • Often involves used or secondhand goods
  • Typically involves individual transactions and negotiated pricing
  • May involve auction-style bidding or fixed pricing
  • Platform may provide dispute resolution and payment processing services

C2B (consumer-to-business)

C2B e-commerce involves transactions where consumers sell their products or services to businesses, such as freelancers and influencers. C2B transactions are usually based on skills and expertise, as consumers offer their services to businesses that need them.

 C2B (consumer-to-business) features:

  • Consumer-to-business transactions involve selling products or services from an individual consumer to a business.
  • C2B e-commerce is less common than the other types, but can be seen in situations where individual consumers have unique or specialized skills or products that businesses are willing to pay for.
  • Examples of C2B e-commerce include freelance work, influencer marketing, and user-generated content creation.
  • Sales cycles can be shorter in C2B e-commerce, as businesses are often looking for quick solutions to specific needs.

Benefits of Ecommerce

E-commerce offers many benefits for both customers and businesses, including:

  • Convenience for customers: Ecommerce allows customers to shop anytime, anywhere, and from any device. Customers can browse and compare products, read reviews, and make purchases without leaving their homes or offices.
  •  Increased reach for businesses: Ecommerce helps businesses to reach a wider audience, including global customers who may not have access to physical stores. Businesses can also use data and analytics to personalize their marketing efforts and improve customer experience.
  • Lower costs compared to traditional retail: Ecommerce eliminates many of the costs associated with physical stores, such as rent, utilities, and staffing. Ecommerce also allows businesses to streamline their operations, such as inventory management and order fulfillment.
  • Ability to personalize and target marketing efforts: Ecommerce allows brands to collect, analyze and deploy customer data inlcuidng the purchase history and preferences, and use it to personalize their marketing efforts. Ecommerce also allows businesses to target specific customer segments and optimize their marketing campaigns.

Challenges of Ecommerce

Ecommerce also poses a couple of challenges for businesses, including:

  • Competition: Ecommerce is a highly competitive industry, with millions of online stores and marketplaces vying for customers’ attention and loyalty. Businesses must differentiate themselves through their products, prices, and customer experience.
  • Customer trust and security concerns: Ecommerce involves sensitive information, such as credit card details and personal data, which can be vulnerable to security threats. Businesses must ensure their websites and payment systems are secure and provide customers with the assurance that their information is safe.
  • Legal compliance: Ecommerce involves many laws and regulations, both domestic and international, which businesses must comply with. Businesses must be aware of marketing rules and regulations, data privacy laws, and tax laws in order to avoid potential legal issues.

Overview Of Popular Ecommerce Platforms

Depending size and scope of your business, you can choose from a range of popular ecom platforms, including:

Shopify: Shopify is a comprehensive e-commerce platform designed for businesses of all sizes. It features a wide range of customization options, robust analytics and reporting, and secure payment gateways.

Key features and Unique selling points:

  • Easy to use and set up
  • Wide range of templates and customization options
  • Secure payment options and fraud detection
  • Integrated marketing tools and SEO features
  • Mobile-responsive design
  • 24/7 support


WooCommerce: WooCommerce is an open-source, self-hosted e-commerce platform built on WordPress. It offers a range of features, settings, and customization options, as well as integrations with popular payment methods.

Key features and Unique selling points:

  • Built as a plugin for WordPress, allowing for easy integration with existing websites
  • Open-source software, giving developers more control and flexibility
  • Wide range of customization options and add-ons
  • Supports multiple payment options and currencies
  • Detailed analytics and reporting
  • Large community of developers and users


Magento: Magento is a feature-rich, enterprise-level ecom platform. It offers a range of customization options and is scalable enough to meet the needs of businesses, from small startups to large enterprises.

Key features and Unique selling points: 

  • Designed for large-scale and enterprise-level ecom
  • Robust customization options and advanced features
  • Scalable and flexible architecture
  • Multi-language and multi-currency support
  • Integration with popular payment gateways
  • Advanced SEO capabilities and marketing tools


BigCommerce: BigCommerce is a cloud-based e-commerce platform designed for businesses of all sizes. It offers a range of features, as well as integration with popular payment methods.

Key features and Unique selling points:

  • Built-in payment and shipping options
  • Multi-channel selling capabilities (e.g., Amazon, eBay, social media)
  • Advanced analytics and reporting
  • Responsive design and customizable templates
  • Advanced SEO tools and integration with popular marketing platforms
  • Enterprise-level security and compliance


OpenCart: OpenCart is an open-source, self-hosted ecom platform designed for online stores of all sizes. It offers a variety of features, settings, and customization options, as well as integration with popular payment methods.

Key features and Unique selling points:

  • OpenCart is an open-source eCom platform that is easy to set up and free to use.
  • It has a user-friendly interface, multilingual support and cross-border currency support.
  • OpenCart offers a wide range of themes and extensions to customize your online store as per your needs.
  • It provides multiple payment and shipping options, including PayPal, credit cards, and flat rate shipping.
  • OpenCart has a robust set of features like product management, order management, customer management, sales reporting, and marketing tools.


Volusion: Volusion is a cloud-based ecom platform designed for businesses of all sizes. It features an intuitive design interface and is integrated with popular payment methods.

Key features and Unique selling points:

  • Volusion is a cloud-based eCommerce platform that provides an all-in-one, enterprise-level solution for creating and managing an online store.
  • It offers a user-friendly drag-and-drop website builder, making it easy to design and customize your website without needing any coding knowledge.
  • Volusion provides a wide range of features, including order management, product management, customer management, payment processing, and shipping integration.
  • It has an integrated SEO tool that helps to optimize your eCom site for better search engine rankings.
  • Volusion offers 24/7 customer support through phone, email, and live chat.
  • It provides various security features, including SSL certification and fraud detection, to ensure secure transactions on your website.


Ecommerce offers many advantages for businesses, from lower costs and improved customer experience to the ability to personalize their marketing efforts. But these advantages come with challenges, such as competition and legal compliance. Businesses must choose the right e-commerce platform to meet their needs, from Shopify and WooCommerce to Magento and BigCommerce.

If you are not sure which ecommerce platform is best for your business, it is best to consult an experienced ecommerce web design agency  or SEO company such as Rezolutions Design. We can help you choose the right platform and help you set up your online store. With the right platform and strategy, you can create a successful ecommerce business that not only sets you apart from competition but also meets your customers’ needs and expectations.


Edwin Anthony

Reading time: 5 min 58 sec

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